304L Stainless Steel Flange Manufacturer

Specialized Stainless Steel 304L Flanges Manufacturer, ASTM A182 F304L Flanges Dimensions.

Marcel Piping Projects Supply PVT LTD is one of the pioneer trading house and dealer of SS 304L Flanges, which is a molybdenum bearing and low carbon content “ l” grade authenticate stainless steel that provides bettered erosion resistance. The low carbon in 304L Stainless Steel Slip on Flanges provide resistance to sensitization during welding and other thermal processes. Stainless Steel 304L Threaded Flanges is non attractive in the annealed condition but may come slightly magnetic as a result of welding. Stainless Steel 304L Weld Neck Flanges have a excellent erosion resistance in wide range of chemical, especially in acidic chloride environment like as those encountered in pulp and paper factories. Stainless Steel 304L Blind Flanges is resistant to sulfuric acid absorption up to five percent at temperatures as high as 120 Degree f (49 Degree c) at temperatures under 100 Degree f (38 Degree c). Stainless Steel UNS S30403 Socket Weld Flanges has excellent resistance to solutions of high immersion. Stainless Steel 304L Lap Joint Flanges are slightly bettered erosion resistance over other alloys of stainless steel in hard oxidizing environments as a result of the addition of niobium and tantalum. Stainless Steel 304L Ring Joint Type Flanges doesn’t perform well in chloride results, even in small absorption, or in sulfuric acid. The machinability of Stainless Steel 304L Spectacle Blind Flanges is delicate as it work-hardens during machining. The conventional machining method used on iron alloy may be used for Stainless Steel 304L Nippo Flanges.

We are leading Stockists and Suppliers of ASTM A182 F304L Stainless Steel Flanges in USA, UK, Qatar, Mexico, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Kazakhstan, Bahrain, Vietnam, Indonesia, Norway, Ghana, Colombia, Azerbaijan, Libya.

Stainless Steel 304L Flanges Manufacturer
Stainless Steel 304L Flanges Manufacturer in Mumbai, India
Stainless Steel 304L Flanges Supplier
Stainless Steel 304L Flanges Supplier in Mumbai, India

We are ISO Certified Manufacturer and Stockist of 304L Stainless Steel Flange ANSI 150, Table D & Table E Stainless Steel 304L Flange, Series A & B SS 304L Grooved Flange, ASTM A182 F304L Lap Joint Flange, JIS Stainless Steel 304L Orifice Flanges, PN10 PN16 Stainless Steel 304L Slip On Flange Pressure Rating, Stainless Steel 304L Threaded Flange at Reasonable Price.

We are Leading Exporter and Supplier of ASTM A182 Stainless Steel 304L Flanges, UNS S30403 Class 150 Flanges Raised Face, WERKSTOFF NR. 1.4306 / 1.4307 Flange, JIS SUS 304L Flanges Flat Face, MSS SP-44 SS 304L Flange, BS 3304S11 Flange, GOST 03Х18Н11 Flange, AFNOR Z3CN18‐10 Flange, EN X2CrNi18-9 / X2CrNi19-11 Flange, Class 300#, 600#, 900#, 1500#, 2500# Stainless Steel 304L Flanges Dimensions.

Stainless Steel 304L Flange Standard Specifications ASTM A182 F304L Flange Specification Chart

Product Name Stainless Steel 304L Flanges
Size Range 1/2″ (15 NB) to 48″ (1200NB)
Class / Pressure Rating 150#, 300#, 600#, 900#, 1500#, 2500#, PN6, PN10, PN16, PN25, PN40, PN64 etc.
Standards / Dimensions ANSI/ASME B16.5, B16.47 Series A & B, B16.48, BS4504, BS 10, EN-1092, DIN, BS, GOST, MSS SP-44, ISO70051, JISB2220, BS1560-3.1, API7S-15, API7S-43, API605
Flange Face Types / Connection Type Flat Face Flange (FF), Raised Face Flange (RF), Ring Joint Flange (RTJ), Lap Joint Flange, Male and Female Flange (M&F), Large and Small Tongue-and-Groove Flange (T&G)
Dimensions ANSI B16.5, ANSI B16.47 Series A & B, ASA, API-605, MSS SP44, AWWA, Custom Drawings
Custom Design As per your drawing | AS, BS, ANSI, DIN, JIS | Equal and Reducing Configurations
Material Test Certificates (MTC) As per EN 10204 3.2 and EN 10204 3.1, Test Certificates certifying NACE MR0175, NACE MR0103
Test Certificates 100% Radiography Test Report, EN 10204/3.1B, Raw Materials Certificate, Third Party Inspection Report, etc
Tests Hydrostatic testing machine, Direct-reading Spectrograph, UI trasonic flaw detector, X-ray detector, Magnetic particle detector
Equipment / Machines Press machine, Pushing Machine, Bending machine, Sand-blasting machine, electric bevelling machine, etc.
Coating Anti-rust Paint, Oil Black Paint, Yellow Transparent, Zinc Plated, Cold and Hot Dip Galvanized
Origin Indian / USA / Japan / West Europe / Korean
Applications/Usage Offshore, Oil Field, Shipbuilding, Water System, Natural Gas, Pipe Projects, Electric Power, etc.
Top Export Network USA, UK, Qatar, Mexico, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Kazakhstan, Bahrain, Vietnam, Indonesia, Norway, Ghana, Colombia, Azerbaijan, Libya.

Stainless Steel 304L Flanges Available Grades ASTM A182 F304L Flange Grades

Stainless Steel 304L Flange Standards SS 304L Flange Standard Dimensions

Stainless Steel 304L Flange International Standards SS 304L Equivalent Grades

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS JIS BS GOST AFNOR EN
SS 304L 1.4306 / 1.4307 S30403 SUS 304L 3304S11 03Х18Н11 Z3CN18‐10 X2CrNi18-9 / X2CrNi19-11

Stainless Steel 304L Flanges Chemical Composition ASTM A182 F304L Flanges Chemical Composition

Grade C Mn Si P S Cr Mo Ni N
SS 304L 0.035 max 2 max 1.0 max 0.045 max 0.030 max 18 – 20 8 – 13

Stainless Steel 304L Flanges Mechanical Properties ASTM A182 F304L Flanges Mechanical Properties

Density Melting Point Tensile Strength Yield Strength (0.2%Offset) Elongation
8.0 g/cm3 1400 °C (2550 °F) Psi – 75000 , MPa – 515 Psi – 30000 , MPa – 205 35 %

304L Stainless Steel Class 150 Flange Weight in KG Weight Chart of Class 150 Flanges to ASME B 16.5

NOMINAL SIZE DIMENSIONS WEIGHT (KG)
NPS
(Inches)
DN (mm) FLANGE
MM
FLANGE
THICKNESS
SOW
SW
WN BLIND
1/2 15 88.9 11.2 0.4 0.5 0.4
3/4 20 98.6 12.7 0.6 0.7 0.6
1 25 108 14.2 0.8 1 0.9
1 1/4 32 117.3 15.7 1 1.3 1.2
1 1/2 40 127 17.5 1.3 1.7 1.5
2 50 152.4 19.1 2.1 2.6 2.4
2 1/2 65 177.8 22.4 3.3 4.1 3.9
3 80 190.5 23.9 3.9 4.9 4.9
3 1/2 90 215.9 23.9 4.8 6.1 6.2
4 100 228.6 23.9 5.3 6.8 7.0
5 125 254 23.9 6.1 8.6 8.6
6 150 279.4 25.4 7.5 10.6 11.3
8 200 342.9 28.4 12.1 17.6 19.6
10 250 406.4 30.2 16.5 24 28.6
12 300 482.6 31.8 26.2 36.5 43.2
14 350 533.4 35.1 34.6 48.4 58.1
16 400 596.9 36.6 44.8 60.6 76.1
18 450 635 39.6 48.9 68.3 93.7
20 500 698.5 42.9 61.9 84.5 122.0
24 600 812.8 47.8 86.9 115 185.0

304L Stainless Steel Class 300 Flange Weight in KG Weight Chart of Class 300 Flanges to ASME B 16.5

NOMINAL SIZE DIMENSIONS WEIGHT (KG)
NPS
(Inches)
DN (mm) FLANGE
OD
A
MM
FLANGE
THICKNESS
D
MM
SOW
SW
WN BLIND
1/2 15 95.3 14.2 0.6 0.8 0.6
3/4 20 117.3 15.7 1.1 1.3 1.1
1 25 124 17.5 1.4 1.5 1.4
1 1/4 32 133.4 19.1 1.7 2.0 1.8
1 1/2 40 155.5 20.6 2.5 2.9 2.7
2 50 165.1 22.4 2.9 3.4 3.2
2 1/2 65 190.5 25.4 4.3 5.2 4.9
3 80 215.9 28.4 5.9 6.9 6.8
3 1/2 90 228.6 30.2 7.3 8.7 8.7
4 100 254 31.8 9.6 11.2 11.5
5 125 279.4 35.1 12.3 15.1 15.6
6 150 317.5 36.6 15.6 19.1 20.9
8 200 381 41.1 24.2 29.9 34.3
10 250 444.5 47.6 34.1 42.7 53.3
12 300 520.7 50.8 49.8 61.8 78.8
14 350 584.2 53.8 69.9 85.8 105.0
16 400 647.7 57.2 88.1 106.0 137.0
18 450 711.2 60.5 109.0 131.0 175.0
20 500 774.7 63.5 134.0 158.0 221.0
24 600 914.4 70.0 201.0 230.0 339.0

304L Stainless Steel Class 600 Flange Weight in KG Weight Chart of Class 600 Flanges to ASME B 16.5

NOMINAL SIZE DIMENSIONS WEIGHT (KG)
NPS
(Inches)
DN (mm) FLANGE
OD
A
MM
FLANGE
THICKNESS
D
MM
SOW
SW
WN BLIND
1/2 15 95.3 14.2 0.7 0.9 0.8
3/4 20 117.3 15.7 1.3 1.5 1.3
1 25 124.0 17.5 1.5 1.8 1.6
1 1/4 32 133.4 20.6 2 2.5 2.2
1 1/2 40 155.4 22.4 3 3.5 3.3
2 50 165.1 25.4 3.6 4.4 4.2
2 1/2 65 190.5 28.4 5.3 6.4 6.1
3 80 209.6 31.8 7 8.5 8.4
3 1/2 90 228.6 35.1 8.8 10.7 11
4 100 273.1 38.1 14.5 17.4 17.3
5 125 330.2 44.5 24.4 29.2 29.4
6 150 355.6 47.8 28.7 34.9 36.1
8 200 419.1 55.6 43.4 53.9 58.9
10 250 508 63.5 70.3 86.5 97.5
12 300 558.8 66.5 84.2 103.0 124
14 350 603.3 69.9 98.7 122.0 151
16 400 685.8 76.2 142.0 170.0 214
18 450 743 82.6 173.0 204.0 272
20 500 812.8 88.9 220.0 254.0 349.0
24 600 939.8 101.6 312.0 358.0 533.0

304L Stainless Steel Class 900 Flange Weight in KG Weight Chart of Class 900 Flanges to ASME B 16.5

NOMINAL SIZE DIMENSIONS WEIGHT (KG)
NPS
(Inches)
DN (mm) FLANGE
OD
A
MM
FLANGE
THICKNESS
D
MM
SOW
SW
WN BLIND
1/2 15 120.7 22.4 1.8 1.9 1.8
3/4 20 130 25.4 2.4 2.6 2.4
1 25 149.4 28.4 3.6 3.7 3.6
1 1/4 32 158.8 28.4 4 4.3 4.1
1 1/2 40 177.8 31.8 5.5 5.9 5.8
2 50 215.9 38.1 10.2 10.8 10
2 1/2 65 244.3 41.1 13.9 15 14
3 80 241.3 38.1 11.6 13.7 13.1
4 100 292.1 44.5 19.7 22.5 26.9
5 125 349.3 50.8 31.9 37.4 36.5
6 150 381 55.6 41.1 47.7 47.4
8 200 469.9 63.5 70.7 81.3 82.5
10 250 546.1 69.9 101.0 119 122.0
12 300 609.6 79.2 133.0 157.0 173.0
14 350 641.4 85.6 153.0 180.0 206.0
16 400 704.9 88.9 185.0 217.0 259.0
18 450 787.4 101.6 258.0 292.0 367.0
20 500 857.3 108.0 317.0 362.0 463.0
24 600 1041.4 139.7 606.0 665.0 876.0

304L Stainless Steel Class 1500 Flange Weight in KG Weight Chart of Class 1500 Flanges to ASME B 16.5

NOMINAL SIZE DIMENSIONS WEIGHT (KG)
NPS
(Inches)
DN (mm) FLANGE
OD
A
MM
FLANGE
THICKNESS
D
MM
SOW
SW
WN BLIND
1/2 15 120.7 22.4 1.8 1.9 1.8
3/4 20 130 25.4 2.4 2.6 2.4
1 25 149.4 28.4 3.6 3.7 3.6
1 1/4 32 158.8 28.4 4 4.3 4.1
1 1/2 40 177.8 31.8 5.5 5.9 5.8
2 50 215.9 38.1 10.2 10.8 10.1
2 1/2 65 244.3 41.1 13.9 15 14
3 80 266.7 47.8 19.9 19.1
4 100 311.2 53.8 29.9 29.9
5 125 374.7 73.2 55.4 58.4
6 150 393.7 82.6 68.4 71.8
8 200 482.6 91.9 117 122
10 250 584.2 108 194.0 210.0
12 300 673.1 124 288.0 316.0
14 350 749.3 133.4 380.0 420
16 400 825.5 146.1 485.0 558.0
18 450 914.4 162.1 644.0 760.0
20 500 984.3 177.8 775.0 965.0
24 600 1168.4 203.2 1232.0 1558.0

304L Stainless Steel Class 2500 Flange Weight in KG Weight Chart of Class 2500 Flanges to ASME B 16.5

NOMINAL SIZE DIMENSIONS WEIGHT (KG)
NPS
(Inches)
DN (mm) FLANGE
OD
A
MM
FLANGE
THICKNESS
D
MM
WN BLIND
1/2 15 133.4 30.2 3.1 3.0
3/4 20 139.7 31.8 3.7 3.5
1 25 158.8 35.1 5.2 5.0
1 1/4 32 184.2 38.1 7.7 7.4
1 1/2 40 203.2 44.5 10.9 10.4
2 50 235 50.8 16.2 15.6
2 1/2 65 266.7 57.2 23.7 22.6
3 80 304.8 66.5 36.2 34.8
4 100 355.6 76.2 55.3 53.9
5 125 419.1 91.9 92.5 90.8
6 150 482.6 108 143.0 141
8 200 552.5 127 215.0 214
10 250 673.1 165.1 406.0 411.0
12 300 762 184.2 572.0 592.0

Stainless Steel 304L Flange Weights by Pressure Class and Size

Pipe Size (inch) 150 # 300 # 600 # 900 # 1500 # 2500 #
WN SO BLD WN SO BLD WN SO BLD WN SO BLD WN SO BLD WN SO BLD
1/2″ 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 SEE 1500 # WEIGHTS 5 4 4 7 7 7
3/4″ 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 3 3 SEE 1500 # WEIGHTS 6 5 6 8 8 8
1″ 3 2 2 4 3 3 4 4 4 SEE 1500 # WEIGHTS 9 8 8 12 11 11
1 1/2″ 4 3 3 7 6 6 8 7 8 SEE 1500 # WEIGHTS 13 12 13 25 22 23
2″ 6 5 5 9 7 8 12 9 10 SEE 1500 # WEIGHTS 25 25 25 42 37 39
2 1/2″ 8 7 7 12 10 12 18 13 15 SEE 1500 # WEIGHTS 36 36 35 52 55 56
3″ 10 8 9 15 13 16 23 16 20 31 26 29 48 48 48 94 83 86
4″ 15 13 17 25 22 27 42 37 41 53 53 54 73 73 73 145 125 130
5″ 19 15 20 32 28 35 68 63 68 86 83 87 130 130 140 245 210 225
6″ 24 19 26 42 39 50 81 80 86 110 110 115 165 165 160 380 325 345
8″ 39 30 45 67 58 81 120 115 140 175 170 200 275 260 300 580 485 530
10″ 52 43 70 91 81 124 190 170 230 260 245 290 455 435 510 1075 930 1025
12″ 80 64 110 140 115 185 225 200 295 325 325 415 690 580 690 1525 1100 1300
14″ 110 90 140 180 165 250 280 230 355 400 400 520 940 NA 975 NA NA NA
16″ 140 98 180 250 190 295 390 330 495 495 425 600 1250 NA 1300 NA NA NA
18″ 150 130 220 320 250 395 475 400 630 680 600 850 1625 NA 1750 NA NA NA
20″ 180 165 285 400 315 505 590 510 810 830 730 1075 2050 NA 2225 NA NA NA
22″ 225 185 355 465 370 640 720 590 1000 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
24″ 260 220 430 580 475 790 830 730 1250 1500 1400 2025 3325 NA 3625 NA NA NA

Stainless Steel 304L Flange Pressure Rating

Pressure-Temperature Ratings for ASTM Group 2-2.3 Materials
Working pressure by Classes, BAR
Temp
-29 °C
150 300 400 600 900 1500 2500
38 15.9 41.4 55.2 82.7 124.1 206.8 344.7
50 15.3 40 53.4 80 120.1 200.1 333.5
100 13.3 34.8 46.4 69.6 104.4 173.9 289.9
150 12 31.4 41.9 62.8 94.2 157 261.6
200 11.2 29.2 38.9 58.3 87.5 145.8 243
250 10.5 27.5 36.6 54.9 82.4 137.3 228.9
300 10 26.1 34.8 52.1 78.2 130.3 217.2
325 9.3 25.5 34 51 76.4 127.4 212.3
350 8.4 25.1 33.4 50.1 75.2 125.4 208.9
375 7.4 24.8 33 49.5 74.3 123.8 206.3
400 6.5 24.3 32.4 48.6 72.9 121.5 202.5
425 5.5 23.9 31.8 47.7 71.6 119.3 198.8
450 4.6 23.4 31.2 46.8 70.2 117.1 195.1

In Stock Stainless Steel 304L Flanges Types SS 304L Flanges Price in India

Stainless Steel 304L Weld Neck Flanges Manufacturer
SS 304L Weld Neck Flange
Stainless Steel 304L Long Weld Neck Flange Manufacturer
SS 304L Long Weld Neck Flange
Stainless Steel 304L Slip On Flanges Manufacturer
SS 304L Slip On Flange
Stainless Steel 304L Spectacle Blind Flanges Manufacturer
SS 304L Spectacle Blind Flanges
Stainless Steel 304L Socket Weld Flanges Manufacturer
SS 304L Socket Weld Flanges
Stainless Steel 304L Blind Flanges Manufacturer
SS 304L Blind Flange
Stainless Steel 304L Threaded Flanges Manufacturer
SS 304L Threaded Flanges
Stainless Steel 304L Orifice Flanges Manufacturer
SS 304L Orifice Flanges
Stainless Steel 304L Lap Joint Flanges Manufacturer
SS 304L Lap Joint Flanges
Stainless Steel 304L Square Flanges Manufacturer
SS 304L Square Flanges
Stainless Steel 304L Ring Type Joint Flanges Manufacturer
SS 304L Ring Type Joint Flanges
Stainless Steel 304L Tongue and Groove Flange Manufacturer
SS 304L Tongue and Groove Flange
Stainless Steel 304L Expander Flanges Manufacturer
SS 304L Expander Flanges
Stainless Steel 304L Reducing Flanges Manufacturer
SS 304L Reducing Flanges
Stainless Steel 304L Male & Female Flanges Manufacturer
SS 304L Male & Female Flanges
Stainless Steel 304L Weldolet Flange Manufacturer
SS 304L Weldolet Flange
Stainless Steel 304L Nipolet Flange Manufacturer
SS 304L Nipolet Flange
Stainless Steel 304L Backing Ring Flanges Manufacturer
SS 304L Backing Ring Flanges
Stainless Steel 304L Ring Spacer Flanges Manufacturer
SS 304L Ring Spacer Flanges
Stainless Steel 304L Paddle Blind Flanges Manufacturer
SS 304L Paddle Blind Flanges
Stainless Steel 304L Plate Flange Manufacturer
SS 304L Plate Flange
Stainless Steel 304L High Hub Blind Flange Manufacturer
SS 304L High Hub Blind Flange
Stainless Steel 304L Custom Flanges Manufacturer
SS 304L Custom Flanges
Stainless Steel 304L Swivel Ring Flange Manufacturer
SS 304L Swivel Ring Flange

Note: Flanges Prices are depended on Material Grades, Standards, Dimensions, Sizes, Order Quantity, etc. Prices Mentioned on website are for referance purpose only. To get market leading prices for Stainless Steel 304L Flanges contact us now.

How To Order Stainless Steel 304L Flanges? Parameters to request estimates

  • Flange type (welding neck, slip-on, threaded, lap joint flange, etc)
  • Grade 304L Stainless Steel Flange specification (example ASME B16.5, ASME B16.47 type A, EN 1092-1, JIS, UNI, DIN, etc.)
  • Nominal pipe size (NPS)
  • SS 304L Flange rating (or class): flanges’ rating can range from 150 to 2500 for ASME flanges, from 5k to 30k for JIS B2220 flanges and KS1503 flanges; from PN 6 to PN 100 for European and Russian-standard flanges (DIN, UNI, EN 1092-1, GOST 12820 / 12821-80); Class 600/3, 1000/3, 1600/3, 2500/3, 4000/3 for SANS/SABS flanges (South African standard for flanges)
  • Pipe schedule (for welding neck and socket weld flanges)
  • Stainless Steel 304L Flange facing type (FF; RF, RTJ): according to ASME B16.5, the raised face is the standard facing for flanges (different facings, like RTJ or flat face FF, have to be ordered specifically)
  • Stainless Steel 304L Flange surface finish (smooth, stock, concentric serrated, etc)
  • SS 304L Flange Quantity

ASTM A182 F304L Stainless Steel Flanges Industries and Applications SS 304L Flange Applications

  • Pumps, Valves, and vessels in manufacturing and food processing.
  • Pipe connections in industrial waterworks.
  • Heat exchangers and heating systems of all sizes.
  • Mining support.
  • Nuclear power systems.
  • Plumbing and mechanical systems.
  • Assemblies in the oil, gas, and petrochemical industries.
  • Fire protection systems.

Stainless Steel 304L Flange Supply and Export Network List of Cities and Countries

Afghanistan Algeria Angola Argentina
Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain
Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Bhutan
Bolivia Brazil Bulgaria Canada
Chile China Colombia Costa Rica
Croatia Czech Republic Aberdeen Abu Dhabi
Ahmedabad Ahvaz Al Jubail Al Khobar
Algiers Ankara Atyrau Bangkok
Bengaluru Bhopal Bogota Brisbane
Busan Cairo Calgary Caracas
Chandigarh Chennai Chiyoda Coimbatore
Colombo Courbevoie
Denmark Ecuador Egypt Estonia
Finland France Gabon Ghana
Greece Hong Kong Hungary India
Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel
Italy Japan Jordan Dallas
Dammam Doha Dubai Edmonton
Ernakulam Faridabad Geoje-si Gimhae-si
Granada Gurgaon Hanoi Haryana
Ho Chi Minh City Hong Kong Houston Howrah
Hyderabad Indore Istanbul Jakarta
Jeddah
Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait Lebanon
Libya Lithuania Malaysia Mexico
Mongolia Morocco Netherlands New Zealand
Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan
Peru Philippines Poland Portugal
Qatar Romania Russia Karachi
Kolkata Kuala Lumpur Kuwait City La Victoria
Lagos Lahore London Los Angeles
Ludhiana Madrid Manama Melbourne
Mexico City Milan Montreal Moscow
Mumbai Muscat Navi Mumbai New Delhi
New York Noida Perth Petaling Jaya
Pimpri-Chinchwad Port-of-Spain Pune Rajkot
Rio de Janeiro Riyadh
Saudi Arabia Serbia Singapore Slovakia
South Africa South Korea Spain Sri Lanka
Sweden Switzerland Taiwan Thailand
Trinidad & Tobago Tunisia Turkey Ukraine
United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Kingdom (UK) United States (US) Venezuela
Vietnam Yemen Santiago Secunderabad
Seoul Sharjah Singapore Surat
Sydney Tehran Thane Thiruvananthapuram
Toronto Ulsan Vadodara Visakhapatnam
Vung Tau
Translate »

We Are
Hiring!